The discipline of engineering encompasses a range of more specialized fields of engineering, each with a more specific emphasis on particular areas of applied mathematics, applied science, and types of application.
The term engineering is derived from the Latin ingenium, meaning “cleverness” and ingeniare, meaning “to contrive, devise”.
Here’s a rundown of the various branches of engineering.
- Aerospace/aeronautical engineering.
- Chemical engineering.
- Civil engineering.
- Electrical/electronics engineering.
- Mechanical engineering.
- Engineering management.
Civil engineering is a professional engineering discipline that deals with the design, construction, and maintenance of the physical and naturally built environment, including works like roads, bridges, canals, dams, and buildings. Civil engineering is traditionally broken into a number of sub-disciplines. It is the second-oldest engineering discipline after military engineering, and it is defined to distinguish non-military engineering from military engineering.Civil engineering takes place in the public sector from municipal through to national governments, and in the private sector from individual homeowners through to international companies.
Scope of Civil Engineering
The main scope of civil engineering or the task of civil engineering is planning, designing, estimating, supervising construction, managing construction, execution, and maintenance of structures like building, roads, bridges, dams, etc. • One who designs and maintains works of public utility is known as civil engineer. Civil Engineering is a wide field and includes many types of structures such as residential buildings, public buildings, industrial buildings, roads, bridges, tunnels, railways, dams, canal and canal structures, airports, harbours, and ports, water treatment plants, waste water treatment plant, water supply networks, and drainage networks. • According to the type of structures and activities carried out, main branches of civil engineering are classified as follows: Surveying & leveling • Building, Planning and construction • Advanced Construction • Structural Engineering • Geotechnical Engineering • Water Resources Engineering • Transportation Engineering • Environmental Engineering • Town Planning.
Skills and Competencies needed in Civil Engineering
- Technical Skills. A good Civil Engineer should have a level of Mathematics and Physics that allows for the identification and solving of engineering problems
- Project Management
- Communication Skill
- Understanding Science, Technology, Engineering, and Math (STEM) Skills
- Critical Thinking.
- Ability to Work as Part of a Team
- Strong Analytical Mind
- Attention to Detail
- Excellent Communication Skills
- Desire to Learn
- Leadership and Management Skills.
Career Opportunities and Job Prospects in Civil Engineering
Jobs directly related to your degree include:
- Building control surveyor
- Consulting civil engineer
- Contracting civil engineer
- Design engineer
- Nuclear engineer
- Site engineer
- Structural engineer
- Water engineer
Jobs where your degree would be useful include:
- Building services engineer
- Construction manager
- Engineering geologist
- Environmental consultant
- Patent attorney
- Quantity surveyor
- Sustainability consultant
Admission Requirements for the study of Civil Engineering in Nigeria
The O’level subject combination and requirements needed to study Civil Engineering;
You require; Five SSCE credit passes to include Physics, Chemistry, Mathematics, English Language and one Science subject
SOME INSTITUTIONS WHERE YOU CAN STUDY CIVIL ENGINEERING
- • Adeleke University• Afe Babalola University• Ahmadu Bello University• Akwa Ibom State University• Ambrose Alli University• Anambra State University• Bauchi State University• Bayero University Kano• Covenant University• Cross River State University of Technology• Ekiti State University• Elizade University• Enugu State University of Science and Technology• Federal University of Agriculture, Makurdi• Federal University of