Agriculture is a critical element that is to be considered for the development of a country, fresh water is one of the key requirements for successful agriculture, technological irrigation is an artificial way of watering the soil to promote growth of farm products. In the present day Nigeria, due to the increase in population, there have been food and water scarcity. So to avoid this problem we have to promote the agriculture sector. But water wastage is more in this sector in the form of water logging while watering the agricultural fields through irrigation. Therefore, this paper proposes a smart irrigation system for the proper water supply in the fields. This paper deals with a smart irrigation system which automatically senses the moisture content of the soil and decide whether irrigation is needed or not and how much water is needed for soil. This system uses Arduino microcontroller. Implementing this will thereby eradicate the need of manpower and conserve the time and also save a large amount of water.
Keywords: Agriculture, Irrigation, Water
Author: Adeniyi Muhammad Adebayo
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